Description: Can you imagine a pomeranian as a sledge-dog ? Maybe for an elf... But it is true: this is a Nordic breed which takes its name from the province of Pomerania, now located in Germany.
This breed was represented in some pre-christian artwork. They were small spitz-type dogs. Later, during the Roman Empire, dogs resembling pomeranians were favorite pets of the great ladies of the period. After year 1500, spitz dogs were very popular in Germany. The breeders obtained five distinct categories of spitz dogs. One of them was the pomeranian, the dwarf spitz, the toy dog being 8 1/2 to 11 inches at the shoulder.
It is a very beautiful looking dog, tiny, fluffy with an abundant ruff around the neck and chest and pointed ears. They have a fox-like appearance with dark, intelligent eyes. Characteristic for them is the tail, which should be turned over the back and carried flat.
Physical characteristics: Pomeranians are very small dogs. They belong to the toy dog group.
Height: 7-12 inches (18-30 cm.)
Weight: 3-7 pounds (1.4 - 3.2 kg.)
Temperament: The pomeranian is an extrovert dog. His vivacity is one of the characteristics of the breed. Being a sled dog at origin, he tends to over-evaluate his size and potential and he is full of his own importance. This is why he will start a fight with a greater dog, if he considers it necessary.
Very loyal, if the beloved ones are in trouble, he will try to do something about that. Pomeranians make wonderful pets and are devoted to their owners. Their size makes them ideal house dogs and, at the same time, tireless companions outdoors. Very intelligent, they seem to understand everything you say.
If you show the picture of a pomeranian dog to you toddler, he will automatically want to have one in the back-yard. But this is not a good choice for a toddler. They are vivacious, the toddlers as well, and this mixture may result in a tragedy. The child may harm the fragile dog unintentionally.
Health: Pomeranians are generally a very healthy, hardy and long-lived breed. The most commonly occurring problems involve the teeth, which can fall out at a relatively early age. The baby teeth change at about 6 months. If the process is not thoroughly controlled, the new teeth can outgrow even if the old tooth did not fall. This will cause early teeth losing, heart problems and even death.
Adult dogs are said to be generally robust, yet some bloodlines may be prone to luxating patella, that makes the dog limp. In this situation, you should go to the veterinarian, to have the patella replaced or even surgically removed.
Taking into account their size, it is difficult to say that they can have dwarfism. Yet, this is another condition they may have.
Skin disorders are also common in the breed and are sometimes linked to poor coat care.
Pomeranians have two coats, an undercoat and a top coat; the first is soft, thick, and fluffy; the top coat is long, straight and glistening. The undercoat is shed during warm weather conditions. The long double coat requires brushing at least once per week. It is important to lift and part the top coat and brush the cottony undercoat as well. This will reduce shedding. But, attention! Frequent brushing can damage the coat.
Bathing and grooming are very important in order to maintain the dog clean and healthy. If you neglect this aspect, the coat becomes matted and will need shaving, which is both unpleasant and not indicated, because, under anaesthetic, the dog ca easily succumb.
It is also important to keep the toenails short through regular trimming (at least every 2-3 weeks). And the teeth need to be given a special attention. It is one of the breeds that should have a dentist.
Training: I don’t think that you would think of a guard dog when you see a pomeranian, but this is not far from truth. They have a powerful voice and they tend to bark any time they hear a noise or they consider that their beloved humans are in danger. This is why puppy training should start very early (even from the breeders kennel). Their barking must be controlled or they will never stop barking with or without reason.
The pomeranian is lively and eager to learn, but the lessons should not last for too long, otherwise they get bored. Many have competed successfully in obedience trials while others have been trained as hearing assistance dogs. Still others have been trained in search and rescue for use on sites where a small-sized dog is necessary and/or advantageous (e.g., earthquake sites). Pomeranians have also been used very successfully as therapy dogs and may often be seen consoling the sick and elderly in hospitals and nursing homes.
Pomeranians come in a full range of 13 colors including black, brown, chocolate, red, orange, cream and sable. They also come in black and tan and parti-colours, a red and white and a black and white.
The most popular color for a pomeranian is orange in various shades, ranging from light to dark. The orange sometimes comes with sabling (i.e. black tips) on the ends of the coat on the back, as well as on the chin and muzzle.
Famous dogs: The name of the breed was given by the time of Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III of England. They are said to have imported two dwarf spitz dogs from Germany, and their gradddaughter, queen Victoria, was the one who owned the famous Marco, a dog brought from Florence.
Martin Luther King’s pomeranian dog was named Belferlein, Issac Newton’s was Diamond, and Mozart owned Pimperl.
For pomeranian pictures, click here.